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Latitude: 27° 42' 0" N
Longitude: 85° 20' 0" E
Kathmandu is the largest city of Nepal,
and the 172th largest city of the World.
Kathmandu is the only city of Nepal with the administrative status
of Mahanagar (Metropolitan City),
as compared to Upa-Mahanagar (Sub-Metropolitan City)
or Nagar (City).
The city of Kathmandu was named after Kasthamandap temple.
In Sanskrit, Kastha means "wood"
and Mandap means "covered shelter".
This temple, also known as Maru Satal (in Newar language),
was built in 1596 by King Laxmi Narsingh Malla.
Archaeological excavations in parts of Kathmandu
have found evidence of ancient civilizations.
The oldest of these findings is a statue, found in Maligaon,
that was dated at 185 AD.
The earliest Western reference to Kathmandu
appears in 1661
Kathmandu is located in the northwestern part
of Kathmandu Valley
to the north of the Bagmati River